Test Your Diabetes IQ

  1. Foods that contain carbohydrate include:
    1. Rice, bread, cereal, grains, pasta
    2. Sweets, candy, fruit, fruit juices
    3. Milk, some milk products
    4. Pasta, corn, peas, potatoes, winter squash
    5. All of the above
  1. Your body doesn’t really need carbohydrate-rich foods and beverages.
    1. True
    2. False
  1. The most important goal in diabetes care is to:
    1. Control blood pressure
    2. Control blood fats (cholesterol, triglycerides, etc.)
    3. Control body weight
    4. Control blood glucose
    5. Control fat intake
  1. One Carbohydrate Choice is the equivalent to how many grams of carbohydrate?
    1. 5
    2. 10
    3. 15
    4. 25
    5. 35
  1. Just a 5% weight loss can have a significant impact on which of the following?
    1. Blood pressure
    2. Blood cholesterol
    3. Blood glucose
    4. Blood triglycerides
    5. All of the above
  1. A blood test that shows your average blood glucose over the past 2 to 3 months is:
    1. Post-prandial glucose
    2. Hemoglobin A1c
    3. Fasting glucose
    4. Glucose tolerance test
    5. None of the above
  1. What is currently the most effective method for lowering blood glucose levels?
    1. Insulin injections
    2. Insulin-stimulating oral medication
    3. Insulin-sensitizing oral medication
    4. Insulin patches
    5. Insulin inhalers
  1. What is the best way to increase your good, HDL-cholesterol level?
    1. Eat a healthy diet that is low in saturated fat.
    2. Eat a healthy diet that is low in cholesterol.
    3. Increase your physical activity level.
    4. Eat a healthy diet that is high in fiber.
    5. None of the above.
  1. If you take your diabetes medications as prescribed by your doctor, then you don’t need to worry about following your food plan or staying physically active.
    1. True
    2. False
  1. Which type of diabetes in the most common and typically involves“resistance” of the body’s cells to react to the action of insulin?
    1. Juvenile diabetes
    2. Gestational diabetes
    3. Type 1 diabetes
    4. Type 2 diabetes
    5. None of the above

Answers:

  1. E – All of these foods and beverages contain significant amounts of carbohydrate.
  2. B – Carbohydrate is a major source of energy for the body. It also provides important nutrients, vitamins, minerals and fiber, in some cases.
  3. D – All of these are important, but blood glucose control is the primary goal.
  4. C – There are approximately 15 grams of carbohydrate in one serving of starchy vegetables such as potatoes, cereals, bread, grains (including rice), milk, and fruit.
  5. E – Maintaining just a 5% weight loss can help manage diabetes and reduce cardiovascular risk factors!
  6. B – Hemoglobin A1c should be kept below 7% to help reduce the risk of developing diabetes-related complications such as eye disease, nerve damage, and kidney disease.
  7. A – Insulin injections are currently the most effective method for reducing blood glucose levels, and are eventually needed by many people who have type 2 diabetes for a long time.
  8. C – Eating a healthy diet is important for good health and for managing diabetes, but increasing physical activity is the best way to boost HDL levels.
  9. B – The best treatment plan includes healthy eating, physical activity, weight management, regular monitoring (blood glucose, blood pressure, blood fats, etc.), and regular check-ups with your health care team.
  10. D – About 90% of people with diabetes have this type, which usually develops in adults over age 40, but is now seen in teenagers and even children due, in large part, to the overweight/obesity epidemic.