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Diabetes IQ: How Much Do You Know?

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Diabetes IQ: How Much Do You Know?

  1. Foods that contain carbohydrate include:
    1. Rice, bread, cereal, grains, and pasta
    2. Sweets, candy, fruit, and fruit juices
    3. Milk and some milk products
    4. Pasta, corn, peas, potatoes, and winter squash
    5. All of the above
       
  2. Your body does not really need carbohydrate-rich foods and beverages.
    1. True
    2. False
       
  3. The most important goal in diabetes care is to:
    1. Control blood pressure
    2. Control blood fats (cholesterol, triglycerides, etc)
    3. Control body weight
    4. Control blood glucose
    5. Control fat intake
       
  4. One carbohydrate choice is the equivalent to how many grams of carbohydrate?
    1. 5
    2. 10
    3. 15
    4. 25
    5. 35
       
  5. Just a 5% weight loss can have a significant impact on which of the following?
    1. Blood pressure
    2. Blood cholesterol
    3. Blood glucose
    4. Blood triglycerides
    5. All of the above
       
  6. A blood test that shows your average blood glucose over the past 2–3 months is:
    1. Postprandial glucose
    2. A1c
    3. Fasting glucose
    4. Glucose tolerance test
    5. None of the above
       
  7. What is currently the most effective method for lowering blood glucose levels?
    1. Insulin injections
    2. Insulin-stimulating oral medication
    3. Insulin-sensitizing oral medication
    4. Insulin patches
    5. Insulin inhalers
       
  8. What is the best way to increase your good, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol level?
    1. Eat a healthy diet that is low in saturated fat
    2. Eat a healthy diet that is low in cholesterol
    3. Increase your physical activity level
    4. Eat a healthy diet that is high in fiber
    5. None of the above
       
  9. If you take your diabetes medications as prescribed by your doctor, then you do not need to worry about following your food plan or staying physically active.
    1. True
    2. False
       
  10. Which type of diabetes in the most common and typically involves “resistance” of the body’s cells to react to the action of insulin?
    1. Juvenile diabetes
    2. Gestational diabetes
    3. Type 1 diabetes
    4. Type 2 diabetes
    5. None of the above
       

Answers

  1. e.  All of the above
    All of these foods and beverages contain significant amounts of carbohydrate.
  2. b.  False
    Carbohydrate is a major source of energy for the body. It also provides important nutrients, vitamins, minerals, and fiber, in some cases.
  3. d.  Control blood glucose
    All of these are important, but blood glucose control is the primary goal.
  4. c.  15
    One serving of starchy vegetables (such as potatoes), cereals, bread, grains (including rice), milk, and fruit contain approximately 15 grams of carbohydrate.
  5. e. All of the above
    Maintaining just a 5% weight loss can help manage diabetes and reduce cardiovascular risk factors!
  6. b.  A1c
    You should keep your A1c below 7% to help reduce the risk of developing diabetes-related complications, such as eye disease, nerve damage, and kidney disease.
  7. a.  Insulin injections
    Insulin injections are currently the most effective method for reducing blood glucose levels. Many people with type 2 diabetes eventually will need to take insulin injections.
  8. c.  Increase your physical activity level
    Eating a healthy diet is important for good health and for managing diabetes, but increasing your physical activity is the best way to boost HDL levels.
  9. b.  False
    The best treatment plan includes healthy eating, physical activity, weight management, regular monitoring (blood glucose, blood pressure, blood fats, etc), and regular checkups with your health care team.
  10. d.  Type 2 diabetes
    About 90% of people with diabetes have this type, which usually develops in adults older than 40 years of age, but it is now seen in teenagers and even children, in large part because of the overweight/obesity epidemic.

 

Reference and recommended reading
American Diabetes Association®. Diabetes basics. Available at: http://www.diabetes.org/. Accessed July 29, 2012.

American Diabetes Association. Food & fitness. Available at: http://www.diabetes.org/. Accessed July 29, 2012.

American Diabetes Association. Living with diabetes. Available at: http://www.diabetes.org/. Accessed July 29, 2012.

 

Review Date 7/12
D-0626

D_0626_Diabetes_IQ_How_Much_Do_You_Know.doc

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