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Nutritional Needs of Infants and Toddlers

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Nutritional Needs of Infants and Toddlers

Caloric Needs
(kcal/kg body weight)

1  to 3 months

95  to 107

 

4  to 6 months

82  to 83

 

7  to 12 months

79  to 82

 

1  to 3 years

81  to 83

 

3  to 4 years

Male: 75  to 93

Female: 72  to 89

5  to 6 years

Male: 64  to 80

Female: 62  to 77

7  to 8 years

Male: 57  to 70

Female: 53  to 66

9  to 10 years

Male: 50  to 62

Female: 45  to 57

11  to 12 years

Male: 44  to 55

Female: 39  to 49

13  to 14 years

Male: 41  to 50

Female: 35  to 43

15  to 16 years

Male: 38  to 47

Female: 32  to 40

17  to 18 years

Male: 35  to 43

Female: 30  to 37

Source: University of Virginia Health System. Pediatric Nutrition Standards of Care Based on The Nutrition Care Process Model.

Protein Need
(grams per day based on a reference weight for age)

0  to 6 months

9.1

6  to 12 months

11

1  to 3 years

13

4  to 8 years

18

9  to 13 years

34

14  to 18 years (male)

52

14  to 18 years (female)

46

Source: Dietary Reference Intakes

Fluid Needs

1  to 10 kg

100 mL/kg

11  to 20 kg

1000 mL + 50 mL/kg above 10 kg

>20 kg

1500 mL + 20 mL/kg for each kg

Source: Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Pediatric Nutrition Care Manual®

kcal=kilocalorie, kg=kilogram, mL=milliliter

 

References and recommended readings
Abad  to Jorge A, Morris JC, Perks P, Roman B; University of Virginia Health System. Pediatric Nutrition Standards of Care Based on the Nutrition Care Process Model. http://www.healthsystem.virginia.edu/pub/dietitian/nutrition_manual/Master%20SOC.pdf. Accessed March 22, 2013.

Institute of Medicine of the National Academies, Food and Nutrition Board. Dietary Reference Intakes. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2002.

Nutrition Care Manual. Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Web site [by subscriptaion]. https://www.nutritioncaremanual.org/index.cfm. Accessed March 22, 2013.

 

Review Date 3/13
K-0512

K_0512_Nutritional_Needs_of_Infants_and_Toddlers.doc

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